Colon Cancer Treatment Options

Experience Life After Colon Cancer

There are various treatment choices for colorectal cancer when you choose us as your care partner. Our oncologists base their treatment recommendations based on your personal diagnosis and preferences, giving our patients more options than ever before.

Member of your case team can tell you about your treatment choices, their success expectations, and side effects. They can review applicable clinical trials if you wish. It is important to take the time you need to make the best decision.

Treatments Used for Colorectal Cancer

Several types of treatment can be used for colorectal cancer. Different combinations may be used, depending on the stage of the cancer and other factors. Each treatment has its own goals.

Here is an overview of each type of treatment:

  • Surgery: This is the most common treatment for most early stages of colon and rectal cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove the entire tumor and any cancer cells that may have spread to nearby tissue. Depending on the stage of the cancer, surgery may be all that's needed, or it may come before or after another treatment is used.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy can stop the cancer from growing or spreading by using medicines to either kill the cells or stop them from dividing. If the medicines are given in a way that lets them enter the bloodstream, they treat cancer cells that have spread throughout the body (systemic). Medicines also can be given to attack cancer cells in specific organs, such as the liver, in what’s known as local treatment. Chemotherapy might also be used before surgery to shrink tumors in what is called neoadjuvant therapy. When used after surgery to kill or control any remaining cancer cells, it is called an adjuvant therapy.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is used to kill cancer cells using high-energy x-rays. It has a major role in treating rectal cancers, but it may be used in some colon cancers as well. Like chemotherapy, it may be used as neoadjuvant radiation therapy before surgery, which can lower the chance that a person will need a permanent colostomy. When it's used after surgery, it is called adjuvant radiation therapy; in that case, the goal is to reduce the chance that the cancer will come back.
  • Targeted Therapy: This type of therapy uses medicines that target proteins or cell functions to stop cancers from growing. Some of these medicines are given along with chemotherapy medicines, while others are used by themselves. It may also be used to help chemotherapy get inside the tumor.
  • Ablation & Embolization: These methods can be used to treat tumors that have spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver or lungs. Ablation is the use of heat, cold or other methods to destroy tumors rather than removing them. For embolization, a substance is injected into a blood vessel to try to cut off a tumor's blood supply.
  • Supportive Care: Your health care provider may advise therapies that help ease your symptoms, but don’t treat the cancer directly. These can sometimes be used along with other treatments. Supportive care or palliative care treatments can also be used if available treatments are more likely to do you more harm than good.

Researchers are also studying other solutions, such as clinical trials and immunologic techniques that could help the body's immune system fight the cancer.

The teams at our New Jersey cancer treatment centers include medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, radiation therapists, certified oncology nurses, social workers, case managers, nutritionists, pharmacists, and pastoral care staff—all ready to put their skills to work for your total health and wellness.

To contact one of New Jersey’s best colon cancer specialists call
(844) CANCERNJ or (844) 226-2376.

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Cooperman Barnabas Medical Center
94 Old Short Hills Road
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(973) 322-5000
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300 Second Avenue
Long Branch, NJ 07740
(732) 222-5200
The Unterberg Children's Hospital at Monmouth Medical Center
300 2nd Avenue
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(732) 923-7250
Monmouth Medical Center Southern Campus
600 River Avenue
Lakewood, NJ 08701
(732) 363-1900
Clara Maass Medical Center
1 Clara Maass Drive
Belleville, NJ 07109
(973) 450-2000
Community Medical Center
99 Highway 37 West
Toms River, NJ 08755
(732) 557-8000
Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
201 Lyons Avenue at Osborne Terrace
Newark, NJ 07112
(973) 926-7000
Barnabas Health Ambulatory Care Center
200 South Orange Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
(973) 322-7000
Jersey City Medical Center
355 Grand Street
Jersey City, NJ 07302
(201) 915-2000
Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
1 Robert Wood Johnson Place
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 828-3000
RWJ University Hospital Rahway
865 Stone Street
Rahway, NJ 07065
(732) 381-4200
RWJ University Hospital Somerset
110 Rehill Avenue
Somerville, NJ 08876
(908) 685-2200

Colon Cancer Treatment & Care

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