Pelvic Organ Prolapse Treatment

The Pelvic Floor and Incontinence Program at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital specializes in treating all types of pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic organ prolapse is a very common condition among women. The condition occurs when the muscles supporting the pelvic floor become weak, damaged, or break and they no longer have the ability to support the pelvic organs.

Pelvic organ prolapse can be caused by a number of factors including childbirth, constipation, pelvic surgery, obesity and menopause. There are several types of pelvic organ prolapse that can occur:


Rectocele occurs when the rectum (large bowel) falls down and protrudes into the vagina.


Cystocele is the name for a hernia-like disorder in women that occurs when the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens. When muscles near the base of the bladder become weak and unable to support the organ, the bladder can prolapse, or fall down into the vagina.


Enterocele occurs when the small bowel presses against and moves the upper wall of the vagina.

Uterine Prolapse

Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus slips or falls out of its normal position into the vagina.

Vaginal Vault Prolapse

Vaginal vault prolapse usually occurs when the uterus has been removed, causing the upper portion of the vagina to sag, or drop into the vaginal canal or outside of the vagina.

Rectal Prolapse

Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum turns itself inside out and falls completely out of the anus. There are several causes of rectal prolapse, including aging, childbirth and a longtime habit of straining to have bowel movements.

Treatment for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

There are several treatment options for pelvic organ prolapse. Depending on your condition, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes or special exercises. If these measures are not effective, you doctor may recommend a vaginal pessary, a plastic or rubber ring inserted into the vagina to support the tissues. Finally, your doctor may recommend surgery. There are several surgery options depending on your specific condition and the severity and type of your prolapse.

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