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Forms of Dementia

Dementia occurs in many forms, some more severe than others. Neurologists classify dementias into categories based on characteristics, progression, or the affected part of the brain. These classifications are:

Cortical dementia—Cortical dementias usually cause problems with memory, language, thinking, and social behavior. This form of dementia originates from damage to the brain's cortex, or outer layer.

Subcortical dementia—Subcortical dementia often causes changes in emotions and movement as well as memory.This form of dementia that affects parts of the brain below the cortex.

Progressive dementia—Progressive dementia worsens over time and interferes with more cognitive abilities as it progresses.

Primary dementia— Dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease, that does not result from any other condition.

Secondary dementia— When a physical disease or injury causes dementia, it is said to be a secondary dementia.

The Neuroscience Institute at Monmouth provides Geriatric Neurology services to diagnose and treat all classifications and forms of dementia, including:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Corticobasal Degeneration
  • Dementia Puglilistca
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
  • Frontotemporal Dementia
  • Hereditary Dementias
  • HIV Associated Dementia
  • Huntington’s Disease
  • Lewy Body Dementia
  • Vascular Dementia

In addition to advanced clinical care, Monmouth Medical Center’s Greenwall Geriatric Program provides comprehensive support for patients and families affected by dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease.

To make an appointment for geriatric neurology services, please call 732-923-7550.