Ischemic Strokes & Hemorrhagic Strokes

Common Types of Strokes

While there are several different types of strokes, the most common are ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Understanding the causes of strokes and being able to quickly recognize the symptoms of a stroke make a significant difference in a patient's ability to fully recover.

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What Is an Ischemic Stroke?

Ischemic strokes are the result of significantly reduced blood flow to the brain, caused by either narrowed or blocked blood vessels. They can also be caused by clots or other debris in the bloodstream that lodge in the brain. Ischemic strokes, also referred to as cerebral ischemia or brain ischemia, and can lead to significant damage or death of the brain cells.

Ischemic strokes are the most common type of strokes. Roughly 200,000 diagnosed cases occur in the US every year, and account for more than 85 percent of all stroke events. They are considered critical events that require emergency care, so if you or a loved one is displaying any of the common stroke symptoms, it's important to contact a health care provider immediately.

What Is a Hemorrhagic Stroke?

Hemorrhagic strokes are the result of a leak or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain. The sub-types of a hemorrhagic stroke, subarachnoid, parenchymal and intraventricular, each indicate the area of the brain in which the bleeding occurs.

Both genetic and lifestyle factors can impact or precede a hemorrhagic stroke. These factors include:

  • Untreated high blood pressure
  • Smoking history
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Heavy drinking
  • Poor diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity

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Patient Stories

  • "Time is Brain,” isn’t just a catchy tagline, Dr. Rybinnik notes. Parts of the brain can die if they do not receive proper blood flow for too long

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  • "From the ED to rehab, everyone at RWJUH Somerset was very attentive. They helped me in any way I needed."

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  • “I got this miracle shot, and I hope it helps other people like it helped me. I’m blessed, lucky and grateful.”

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Patient Stories

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(732) 381-4200
RWJ University Hospital Somerset
110 Rehill Avenue
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(908) 685-2200
Trinitas Regional Medical Center – Williamson Street Campus
225 Williamson St
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The Unterberg Children's Hospital at Monmouth Medical Center
300 2nd Avenue
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Jersey City Medical Center's Ambulatory Care Center
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(201) 915-2410
RWJ University Hospital Hamilton
1 Hamilton Health Place
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(609) 586-7900
Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
1 Robert Wood Johnson Place
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(732) 828-3000
Monmouth Medical Center Southern Campus
600 River Avenue
Lakewood, NJ 08701
(732) 363-1900

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