Leaders in Prostate Cancer Care in NJ

If your health care provider thinks you might have prostate cancer, you will need certain exams and tests to be sure. The prostate cancer doctors across our NJ facilities are pleased to know how to conduct all of the evaluations necessary to pinpoint whether or not you have the disease—and, if so, to what extent.

A biopsy is often used to diagnose the disease. This involves removing a small piece of tissue and examining it under a microscope. A core needle biopsy is the most common way to look for prostate cancer, and it takes only about 10 minutes. During the test, the area is numbed with an anesthetic prior to the insertion of an ultrasound probe into the rectum. That creates images on a computer, guiding the doctor to collect samples. A pathologist will review the samples and then assign a grade if cancer cells are found.

The grading system for prostate cancer is called the Gleason score. It uses numbers 1 to 5 to show how much the tissue looks like or does not look like normal prostate tissue. A grade is given to each of two areas of the prostate that have the most cancer cells.

The grades are:

  • Grade 1: The tissue with cancer cells looks a lot like normal prostate tissue.
  • Grades 2 to 4: The tissue looks in between normal and very abnormal.
  • Grade 5: The tissue looks very abnormal.

The grades from both are added together to tabulate the Gleason score, which will be between 2 and 10. The higher the Gleason score, the more likely the cancer will grow and spread.

Gleason scores are:

  • Gleason score of 6 or less: This is low-grade cancer.
  • Gleason score of 7: This is medium-grade cancer.
  • Gleason scores of 8 to 10: This is high-grade cancer.

If your biopsy report shows you have prostate cancer, it might show both the Gleason score and the grade group.

Other Prostate Cancer Results

In some cases, a biopsy doesn't find any cancer when there is cancer. This is called a false negative. This might happen if the biopsy misses areas with cancer. Your health care provider may tell you to get another biopsy if he or she thinks the test results may be wrong.

A biopsy may include other results. A pathologist may report cells that are abnormal, but are not cancer.

If you have any of these, your health care provider may watch your prostate health more closely. He or she may also do a second biopsy. Talk to your oncologist about detection methods and practices that will be best for you.

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Monmouth Medical Center Southern Campus
600 River Avenue
Lakewood, NJ 08701
(732) 363-1900
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Saint Barnabas Medical Center
94 Old Short Hills Road
Livingston, NJ 07039
(973) 322-5000
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Monmouth Medical Center
300 Second Avenue
Long Branch, NJ 07740
(732) 222-5200
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Clara Maass Medical Center
1 Clara Maass Drive
Belleville, NJ 07109
(973) 450-2000
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Community Medical Center
99 Highway 37 West
Toms River, NJ 08755
(732) 557-8000
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Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
201 Lyons Avenue at Osborne Terrace
Newark, NJ 07112
(973) 926-7000
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Children's Hospital of New Jersey at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
201 Lyons Avenue at Osborne Terrace
Newark, NJ 07112
(973) 926-7000
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Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
195 Little Albany Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 235-2465
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Jersey City Medical Center
355 Grand Street
Jersey City, NJ 07302
(201) 915-2000
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The Bristol-Myers Squibb Children's Hospital at RWJUH
200 Somerset Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 828-3000
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RWJ University Hospital Rahway
865 Stone Street
Rahway, NJ 07065
(732) 381-4200
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RWJ University Hospital Somerset
110 Rehill Avenue
Somerville, NJ 08876
(908) 685-2200
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The Jacqueline M. Wilentz Breast Center at Lakewood
600 River Ave
Lakewood, NJ 08701
(732) 923-7700
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RWJ University Hospital Hamilton
1 Hamilton Health Place
Hamilton, NJ 08690
(609) 586-7900
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RWJ University Hospital New Brunswick
1 Robert Wood Johnson Place
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 828-3000
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Center for Breast Health and Disease Management - Livingston
200 South Orange Avenue
Suite 102
Livingston, NJ 07039
(973) 322-7020
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The Jacqueline M. Wilentz Breast Center at Monmouth Medical Center
300 Second Avenue
Long Branch, NJ 07740
(732) 923-7700
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Medical Specialty Services at Bayonne
16 East 29th Street
Bayonne, NJ 07002
(973) 926-7280
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The Jacqueline M. Wilentz Breast Center at Howell
4013 Route 9
Suite 2S
Howell, NJ 07731
(732) 923-7700
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The Jacqueline M. Wilentz Breast Center at Colts Neck
310 Route 34 South
Second Floor
Colts Neck, NJ 07722
(732) 923-7700
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Cristie Kerr Women's Health Center
377 Jersey Avenue
Ground Floor, Medical Office Building
Jersey City, NJ 07302
(877) 393-5374
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Center for Breast Health and Disease Management - Westfield
560 Springfield Ave
Westfield, NJ 07090
(973) 322-7020
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Center for Breast Health and Disease Management - Metuchen
173 Essex Ave
Metuchen, NJ 08840
(732) 494-0415
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Monmouth Medical Center Outpatient Infusion Center
100 State Route 36 West
West Long Branch, NJ 07764
(732) 923-6575
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Barnabas Health Ambulatory Care Center
200 South Orange Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
(973) 322-7000
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The Family Health Center (FHC) at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
166 Lyons Avenue
Newark, NJ 07112
(973) 926-7300
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Community Medical Center Women's Imaging Center - Toms River
368 Lakehurst Rd
1st Floor
Toms River, NJ 08755
(732) 557-8146
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RWJUH Lab Services at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
195 Little Albany Street
First Floor
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 937-8588
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The Unterberg Children's Hospital at Monmouth Medical Center
300 Second Avenue
Long Branch, NJ 07740
(732) 923-7250
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Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
125 Paterson Street.
Clinical Academic Building (CAB)
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 235-6200
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Eric B. Chandler Health Center at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
277 George Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 235-6700
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Eric B. Chandler Health Center Church St. Annex
123 Church Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 235-2052
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Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical Group at Monroe
800 Bunn Drive
Suite 303
Princeton, NJ 08540
(609) 655-5178
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Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical Group
18 Centre Drive
Clinical Academic Building (CAB)
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(609) 655-5178
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Cancer Center at RWJ Hamilton
2575 Klockner Road
Hamilton Township, NJ 08690
(609) 631-6960
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