Kidney Cancer Treatment for Children in New Jersey

Wilms’ tumor, also known as nephroblastoma, is the most common type of kidney cancer found in children. Most of the tumors are unilateral, only impacting one kidney. Some children have more than one tumor in the same kidney, but can develop tumors in both kidneys. The majority of these tumors are not detected until they have spread to other parts of the body.

The American Cancer Society reports that there are two types of Wilms’ tumors:

  • Favorable Histology: These account for nine out of 10 Wilms’ tumors, and typically have a good prognosis.
  • Unfavorable Histology: These are also known as anaplastic Wilms tumors and are marked by distorted cell nuclei.

There are other types of kidney cancers that children can develop. These include the following:

  • Mesoblastic Nephroma: These tumors often are detected in infants, and can be cured with surgery and sometimes chemotherapy.
  • Clear Cell Sarcoma of Kidney (CCSK): Likely to spread to other parts of the body, these are rare tumors typically treated by clinical trials.
  • Malignant Rhabdoid Tumor of the Kidney: Infants and toddlers are likely to develop these fast-spreading tumors, which are rare and difficult to cure.
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma: This form of kidney cancer is the most common form in adults, but it can be found in kids.