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Body Imaging: Fluoroscopy and IVU

Rotation 1

Knowledge Based Objectives: At the end of the rotation, the resident should be able to:

  1. Discuss the proper clinical and radiologic indications for the following studies:
    1. Barium swallow
    2. Upper GI series
    3. BE
    4. ACBE
    5. SBFT
    6. Enteroclysis
    7. ERCP
    8. Fistulograms
    9. IVU
    10. Cystogram
    11. Voiding cystourethrogram
    12. HSG
  2. State the physiologic properties, proper concentrations and proper indications for the use of the following contrast material:
    1. Barium
    2. Water soluble contrast media (oral Hypaque or Gastrografin)
    3. Ionic intravenous contrast media
    4. Non-ionic intravenous contrast media
  3. Discuss the following information about Glucagon:
    1. Proper indications and dosages used in GI radiology
    2. Physiologic effects
    3. Side effects
    4. Contraindications
  4. List the high risk factors for allergic reaction to intravenous contrast media.
  5. State the proper assessment and treatment for allergic reactions to contrast media.
  6. Recognize the normal radiographic appearance of structures of the GI/GU tract.
  7. Given an appropriate radiograph, demonstrate a basic knowledge of radiographic abnormalities of the GI/GU tract.

Technical Skills: At the end of the rotation, the resident should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate basic knowledge of the equipment to be used during fluoroscopy, including proper KV techniques for the various procedures, radiation safety features of the machines, and proper radiation safety techniques.
  2. Demonstrate fluoroscopy techniques for performing the following procedures:
    1. Barium swallow
    2. UGI
    3. BE
    4. ACBE
    5. SBFT
    6. Enteroclysis
    7. ERCP
    8. Fistulogram
    9. IVU
    10. Cystogram
    11. Voiding cystourethrogram
    12. HSG
  3. Demonstrate knowledge of proper KV techniques, patient positioning, and type of after-films that should be taken for the procedures listed in #2 above.
  4. Demonstrate initial development of fluoroscopic skills by identifying the more common abnormalities during the performance of the studies.

Decision-Making and Value Judgment Skills: At the end of the rotation, the resident should be able to:

  1. Review history of the patient for whom a procedure has been ordered and determine the appropriateness of the study requested.
  2. Communicate with the referring physician about any recommendations for change in the type of procedure to be performed.
  3. Communicate with the technologist about any special or additional views that should be obtained to demonstrate the pathology identified.
  4. Read and dictate the studies performed, with the assistance of the faculty radiologist.
  5. Communicate to the referring physician on the day of the exam any significant abnormalities identified on the examination.

Rotation 2

Knowledge Based Objectives: At the end of the rotation, the resident should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate review and/or retention of knowledge requirements set forth for the first rotation.
  2. Describe and/or discuss GI/GU tract pathology in specific detail.
  3. Assist with preparation and presentation of GI/GU noon resident conferences.

Technical Skills: At the end of the rotation, the resident should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate further development of the technical skills of performing the GI/GU studies listed in the first rotation.
  2. Given a fluoroscopic examination, demonstrate the ability to identify the abnormality at fluoroscopy and modify the technique or change the patient's position to take more diagnostic fluoroscopic spot films.
  3. Demonstrate the ability to perform efficiently through decreasing fluoroscopic time needed to perform a study without compromising diagnostic acumen.

Decision-Making and Value Judgment Skills: At the end of the rotation, the resident should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate an enhanced ability to perform decision-making and valuing requirements listed under the first rotation.
  2. Evaluate and integrate data from other studies (CT, MRI, sonography and nuclear medicine) of the GI/GU tract to make recommendations to the referring physician about more appropriate or additional diagnostic studies needed for evaluation of the patient's abnormality.
  3. Read and dictate studies with less assistance from the faculty radiologist.