Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Program

Resident Research

researchResearch is an important facet of our residency program. Research is conducted by every resident with the expectation of publishing their work. Residents are also encouraged to present their research at local, national, and international conferences. Each resident will work with the Director of Orthopedic Research, Dr. Yoon, to start a new project or join an existing one. The Orthopedic Research Committee keeps track of all projects and provides guidance for resident research.

As part of the AOAO residency training standards, each resident is required during their PGY 3, 4, and 5 years to submit at least one scientific paper as the first author. Projects can include a scientific article, a literature review, a case report or a poster presentation. PGY5 residents are required to submit their paper prior to January 1st of their graduating year.

AOAO Guidelines for Resident Research

Research Fellowships

There are a limited number of opportunities for motivated medical students and recent medical graduates to join our research team. For more information, please email our residency coordinator Tica Torres at

Resident Publications

  1. Pizzo RA, Gianakos AL, Haring RS, Gage M, Stevens N, Liporace FA, Yoon RS. Are Arthroplasty Procedures Really Better in the Treatment of Complex Proximal Humerus Fractures? A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review. J Orthop Trauma. 2020 Oct 13. Online ahead of print.
  2. Pizzo RA, Hoskins T, Patel JN, Miller JM, Goyette D, Mazzei C, Wittig JC. Distally Unlocked Intramedullary Nailing With Cement Fixation for Impending and Actual Pathologic Humerus Fractures: A Retrospective Case Series. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2020 June; 4(6): e20.00090.
  3. Gianakos AL, Haring RS, Shimozono Y, Fragomen A, Kennedy JG. Effect of Microfracture on Functional Outcomes and Subchondral Sclerosis Following Distraction Arthroplasty of the Ankle Joint. Foot Ankle Int. 2020;1071100720917144.
  4. Gianakos AL, George N, Pinninti A, Kwan S, LaPorte D, Mulcahey MK. Sex- and Gender-specific Analysis in Orthopaedic Studies. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2020;10.
  5. Shah JK, Szukics P, Gianakos AL, Liporace FA, Yoon RS. Equivalent union rates between intramedullary nail and locked plate fixation for distal femur periprosthetic fractures - a systematic review.Injury. 2020 Feb 16. pii: S0020-1383(20)30118-2.
  6. Buzin S, Gianakos AL, Li D, Viola A, Elkattawy S, Keller DM, Yoon RS, Liporace FA. Risk factors for liposomal bupivacaine resistance after total hip or knee arthroplasties: a retrospective observational cohort in 237 patients. Patient Saf Surg. 2020;14(6).
  7. Miller JM, Patel JN, Gianakos AL, Hoskins T, Goyette D, Wittig JC. Benign Pediatric Tumors and Tumor-Like Conditions of the Hip. J Hip Surg. 01 March 2019 (eFirst).
  8. Hurley ET, Gianakos AL, Anil U, Strauss EJ, Gonzalez-Lomas G. No difference in outcomes between femoral fixation methods with hamstring autograft in anterior cruciate reconstruction – A network meta-analysis. Knee. 2019 Mar; 26(2):292-301. pii: S0968-0160(18)30338-7.
  9. Elamir Y, Gianakos AL, Lane JM, Sharma A, Grist WP, Liporace FA, Yoon RS. The Effects of Diabetes and Diabetic Medications on Bone Health. J Orthop Trauma. 2019 Aug 27.
  10. Acree JS, Schlechter J, Buzin S. Cost analysis and performance in distal pediatric forearm fractures: is a short-arm cast superior to a sugar-tong splint?. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2017;26(5):424-428.
  11. Saad BN, Yingling JM, Liporace FA, Yoon RS. Pilon Fractures: Challenges and Solutions. Orthop Res Rev. 2019;11:149–157.
  12. Romanelli F, Bandovic I, Yoon RS, Liporace FA. Eliminating dead space in the setting of orthopedic trauma: initial management and soft tissue options. Minerva Ortop Traumatol 2019;70:159-68.
  13. Bookman JS, Romanelli F, Hutzler L, Bosco JA, Lajam C. The Utility and Cost Effectiveness of Immediate Postoperative Laboratory Studies in Hip and Knee Arthroplasty. Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013). 2019;77(2):132-135.
  14. Patel JN, Pizzo RA, Yoon RS, Liporace FA. Addressing antibiotic hip spacer instability via hybrid screw-cement fixation of a constrained liner and cement-rebar interface techniques: A technical narrative. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2019 Sep 23.
  15. Patel JN, Miller JM, Gianakos AL, Wittig JC. Benign Tumor-Like Conditions about the Hip. J Hip Surg. 15 February 2019 (eFirst).
  16. Pizzo RA, Lynch J, Adams DM, Yoon RS, Liporace FA. Unusual anatomic variant of the axillary nerve challenging the deltopectoral approach to the shoulder: a case report. Patient Saf Surg. 2019 Feb14;13:9.
  17. Adams D, Patel JN, Tyagi V, Yoon RS, Liporace F. A simple method for bone graft insertion during Schatzker II and III plateau fixation. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. Mar 2019;27(3):850-853. PMID: 30206655.
  18. Patel JN, Gianakos AL, Miller JM, Hoskins T, Wittig JC. Benign Bone Tumors about the Hip. J Hip Surg. 15 February 2019 (eFirst).
  19. Stickney W, Yoon RS, Patel JN, Klein DS. Haiduekwych GJ, Liporace FA. Intrapelvic component retrieval via anterior inferior iliac spine osteotomy in revision total hip arthroplasty. Hip Int. Mar 2019;29(2):222-225. PMID: 30421636
  20. Gianakos AL, Hurley ET, Haring RS, Yoon RS, Liporace FA. Reduction of Blood Loss by Tranexamic Acid Following Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: A Meta-Analysis. JBJS Rev. 2018 May;6(5):e1. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.17.00103. PMID: 29738409
  21. Patel JN, Bhagat PV, Sun L, Rao J. Surgical Management for Tibial Shaft Fractures Using Flexible Nailing in Adult Hypophosphatasia. Int J Case Rep Images 2018 Jan;9(1):38–42. doi: 10.5348/ijcri-201805-CR-10874
  22. Patel JN, Bhagat PV, Rao J. A Novel Technique for Repairing A Segmental Patella Fracture. Int J Case Rep Images 2018 Jan;9(1):47–50. doi:10.5348/ijcri-201807-CR-10876
  23. Yingling JM, Sun L, Yoon R, Liporace F. A rare case of Candida parapsilosis osteomyelitis: a literature review and proposed treatment algorithm. Patient Saf Surg. 2017 Dec 21;11:31. doi: 10.1186/s13037-017-0146-9. eCollection 2017. PMID: 29296122
  24. Miller J, Hoang V, Yoon RS, Liporace FA. Staged Treatment of Infected Tibiotalar Fusion Using a Combination Antibiotic Spacer and Antibiotic-Coated Intramedullary Nail. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017 Sep - Oct;56(5):1099-1103. PMID: 28645549
  25. Gianakos AL, Sun L, Patel JN, Adams DM, Liporace FA. Clinical application of concentrated bone marrow aspirate in orthopaedics: A systematic review. World J Orthop. 2017 Jun 18; 8(6):491-506.
  26. Gianakos AL, Yasui Y, Hannon CP, Kennedy JG. Current management of talar osteochondral lesions. World J Orthop. 2017 Jan 18; 8(1): 12-20.
  27. Kaplan DJ, Patel JN, Liporace FA, Yoon RS. Intraoperative radiation safety in orthopaedics: a review of the ALARA (As low as reasonably achievable) principle. Patient Saf Surg. 2016, Dec 12. 10:27.
  28. Gianakos A, Fraser E, Yasui Y et al. Micro-computed Tomography Evaluation of Morphological Changes after Bone Marrow Stimulation Techniques. Arthroscopy. 2016 Oct;32(10):2110-2117.
  29. Gianakos A, Kennedy JG. Current Status of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Cartilage Repair. Journal of Tissue Science and Engineering. 2016; 7:2
  30. Villa J, Gianakos A, Husain S et al. Treatment of Pre-Collapse Stages of Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head: A Systematic Review of Randomized Control Trials. HHS J. 2016 Oct; 12(3): 261-271.
  31. Gianakos A, Moya-Angeler J, Lane J et al. The Efficacy of Bisphosphonates with Core Decompression and Mesenchymal Stem Cells Compared with Bisphosphonates Alone in the Treatment of Osteonecrosis of the Hip: A retrospective study. HSS J. 2016 Jul; 12(2): 137-44.
  32. Rao JP, Cabezas A, Spencer JA, Mastromonaco E. A Novel Technique for Extensor Mechanism Repair. MOJ Orthopaedics and Rheumatology, June 2015; 2(6):74-77.
  33. Gianakos AL, Patel JN, Miller JM, Wittig JC. Overview of Primary Malignant Tumors Affecting the Hip. J Hip Surg. 15 February 2019 (eFirst).
  34. Sun L, Park BK, Gupta S, Capo JT, Yoon RS, Liporace FA. Anatomic Variant of the Inferior Lateral Cutaneous Branch of the Radial Nerve During the Posterior Approach to the Humerus: A Case Report. Patient Safety in Surgery. 2015 May; 9(16):1-4
  35. Taylor CE, Stickney W, Jelinek JS, AJ Aboulafia. Musculoskeletal Biopsy: Avoiding potential pitfalls and improving outcomes. Orthopaedic Knowledge Online Journal 2015;13(10):2
  36. Liporace FL, Kaplan D, Stickney W, R Yoon. Use of a hinged, antibiotic-loaded cement spacer for infected periprosthetic fracture in total elbow arthroplasty: A novel construct utilizing ilizarov rods. JBJS Case Connector. 2014 Dec;4(4):1-6
  37. Boe E, Sanchez HB, Kazenske FM, and Wagner RA. Efficacy of Skin Preparation in Eradicating Organisms Before Total Knee Arthroplasty. Am J Orthop. 2014;43(12):E309-E312
  38. Gianakos AL, Patel JN, Miller JM, Sonnylal L, Wittig JC. Metastatic Disease, Myeloma, and Lymphoma Affecting the Hip. J Hip Surg. 15 February 2019 (eFirst).
  39. Badri A, Burkhardt J. Arthroscopic Debridement of Unicompartmental Arthritis: Fact or Fiction? Clinics in Sports Medicine. 2014 Jan; 33(1):23-4